AskDefine | Define close

Dictionary Definition

close adj
1 at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other; "close to noon"; "how close are we to town?"; "a close formation of ships" [ant: distant]
2 close in relevance or relationship; "a close family"; "we are all...in close sympathy with..."; "close kin"; "a close resemblance" [ant: distant]
3 not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances; "near neighbors"; "in the near future"; "they are near equals"; "his nearest approach to success"; "a very near thing"; "a near hit by the bomb"; "she was near tears"; "she was close to tears"; "had a close call" [syn: near] [ant: far]
4 rigorously attentive; strict and thorough; "close supervision"; "paid close attention"; "a close study"; "kept a close watch on expenditures"
5 marked by fidelity to an original; "a close translation"; "a faithful copy of the portrait"; "a faithful rendering of the observed facts" [syn: faithful]
6 (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched; "a close contest"; "a close election"; "a tight game" [syn: tight]
7 crowded; "close quarters" [syn: confining]
8 lacking fresh air; "a dusty airless attic"; "the dreadfully close atmosphere"; "hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke" [syn: airless, stuffy, unaired]
9 of textiles; "a close weave"; "smooth percale with a very tight weave" [syn: tight]
10 strictly confined or guarded; "kept under close custody"
11 confined to specific persons; "a close secret"
12 fitting closely but comfortably; "a close fit" [syn: snug, close-fitting]
13 used of hair or haircuts; "a close military haircut"
14 giving or spending with reluctance; "our cheeseparing administration"; "very close (or near) with his money"; "a penny-pinching miserly old man" [syn: cheeseparing, near, penny-pinching]
15 inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information; "although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it" [syn: closelipped, closemouthed, secretive, tightlipped]

Noun

1 the temporal end; the concluding time; "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"; "the market was up at the finish"; "they were playing better at the close of the season" [syn: stopping point, finale, finis, finish, last, conclusion]
2 the last section of a communication; "in conclusion I want to say..." [syn: conclusion, end, closing, ending]
3 the concluding part of any performance [syn: finale, closing curtain, finis] adv
1 near in time or place or relationship; "as the wedding day drew near"; "stood near the door"; "don't shoot until they come near"; "getting near to the true explanation"; "her mother is always near"; "The end draws nigh"; "the bullet didn't come close"; "don't get too close to the fire" [syn: near, nigh]
2 in an attentive manner; "he remained close on his guard" [syn: closely, tight]

Verb

1 cease to operate or cause to cease operating; "The owners decided to move and to close the factory"; "My business closes every night at 8 P.M." [syn: fold, shut down, close down] [ant: open]
2 complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement; "We closed on the house on Friday"; "They closed the deal on the building"
3 move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; "Close the door"; "shut the window" [syn: shut] [ant: open]
4 bar access to; "Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours"
5 finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.); "The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board" [ant: open]
6 draw near; "The probe closed with the space station"
7 come to a close; "The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin" [syn: conclude]
8 become closed; "The windows closed with a loud bang" [syn: shut] [ant: open]
9 come together, as if in an embrace; "Her arms closed around her long lost relative" [syn: come together]
10 unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of; "close the circuit"; "close a wound"
11 bring together all the elements or parts of; "Management closed ranks"
12 engage at close quarters; "close with the enemy"
13 be priced or listed when trading stops; "The stock market closed high this Friday"; "My new stocks closed at $59 last night"
14 cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop [ant: open]
15 change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact
16 fill or stop up; "Can you close the cracks with caulking?" [syn: fill up]
17 finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead; "The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology 1

claudere

Pronunciation

  • /kləʊz/ (RP), /kloʊz/ (US)
  • /kl@Uz/ (RP), /kloUz/ (US)

Verb

  1. To obstruct (an opening).
  2. To move so that it closes its opening.
    Close the door behind you when you leave.
    Jim was listening to headphones with his eyes closed.
  3. To put an end to.
    close the session
  4. To make (e.g. a gap) smaller.
    The runner in second place is closing the gap on the leader.
  5. To have a vector sum of 0; that is, to form a closed polygon.
  6. To make a sale.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms
Translations
obstruct (an opening)
move (a door)
put an end to
to make smaller
  • Finnish: pienentää
  • Russian: сокращать , сократить
surveying: to have a vector sum of 0
  • Finnish: sulkea
to make a sale
  • Finnish: päättää (kauppa)

Noun

  1. An end of something.
    We owe them our thanks for bringing the project to a successful close.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Translations
end of something
  • Finnish: päätös, loppu
  • French: fin
  • Italian: fine
  • Kurdish:
    Sorani: کۆتایی
  • Russian: закрытие, завершение, окончание

Etymology 2

clausus

Pronunciation

  • /kləʊs/ (RP), /kloʊs/ (US)
  • /kl@Us/ (RP), /kloUs/ (US)

Adjective

  1. At a little distance; near.
    Is your house close?
  2. Intimate; well-loved.
    He is a close friend.
    Of a corporation or other business entity, closely held.
  3. In the context of "Ireland|weather": hot, humid.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Translations
at a little distance
  • Arabic: (qareeb)
  • Czech: blízký
  • Dutch: nabije, dichtbij
  • Esperanto: proksima
  • Finnish: lähellä
  • French: proche
  • Georgian: ახლო (akhlo)
  • German: nah
  • Hebrew: קרוב (qarov) , קרובה (qrova)
  • Ido: proxim
  • Indonesian: dekat
  • Interlingua: proxime, vicin
  • Italian: vicino, vicina
  • Japanese: 近い (ちかい, chikai)
  • Kurdish:
  • Norwegian: nær
  • Portuguese: próximo, vizinho, perto
  • Russian: близкий
  • Slovene: blizu
  • Swedish: nära
intimate
  • Czech: blízký
  • Finnish: läheinen
  • Russian: близкий

Noun

  1. : A street that ends in a dead end.
  1. : A very narrow alley between two buildings, often overhung by one of the buildings above the ground floor.
Synonyms
Translations
street
  • Finnish: umpikuja
  • French: cul-de-sac
  • Russian: тупик

French

Verb form

close
  1. first- and third-person singular subjunctive present of clore
  2. feminine of clos

Extensive Definition

Close may refer to:
In music:
Other:
People with the surname Close:

See also

close in German: Close
close in French: Close
close in Portuguese: Close

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Autobahn, Spartan, US highway, abandonment, abbreviated, abort, about, about to be, abridged, abstruse, accented, accommodate, accost, accurate, adjacent, adjust, advance, agree, airless, airtight, alert, all but, alley, alleyway, almost, along toward, alongside, already in sight, alveolar, angustifoliate, angustirostrate, angustisellate, angustiseptal, apical, apico-alveolar, apico-dental, aposiopestic, approach, approaching, appropinquate, approximate, approximately, approximating, approximative, arcane, arena, arm-in-arm, around, arrange, arterial, arterial highway, arterial street, artery, articulated, as good as, assiduous, assimilated, at close quarters, at hand, attached, attentive, autistic, autoroute, autostrada, avaricious, avenue, back, bang, bar, barricade, barytone, bashful, batten, batten down, battle, bear down on, bear down upon, bear up, beclouded, belt highway, bilabial, blind, blind alley, block, block up, blockade, bolt, bonded, boulevard, box, brawl, breakoff, breathless, breezeless, brewing, brief, bristling, broad, broil, brusque, buddy-buddy, buried, burning, button, button up, bypass, byway, cabalistic, cacuminal, camino real, careful, carriageway, causeway, causey, cease, ceasing, cemented, censored, center, central, centralize, cerebral, cessation, chaussee, cheap, checked, cheek-by-jowl, chock, choke, choke off, cincture, circumferential, circumscribed, clap, clash, classified, climax, clinch, clipped, clos, close, close about, close at hand, close by, close down, close in, close off, close tight, close up, close with, close-fitting, close-knit, close-lipped, close-textured, close-tongued, close-woven, closed, closefisted, closely, closemouthed, closing, clouded, collide, combat, come, come closer, come forward, come near, come on, come to blows, come together, come up, coming, compact, compacted, compactly, comparable, compass, compass about, compendious, complete, completing, completion, compose, compressed, concealed, concenter, concentralize, concentrate, concentrated, concise, conclude, conclusion, concrete, condensed, confidential, confine, confined, confining, confront, congested, connect, conscientious, consolidated, consonant, consonantal, constant, constrict, constricted, contain, container, contend, contest, continuant, contract, contracted, converge, coop, corduroy road, correct, county road, court, courtyard, cover, covered, covert, crammed, crammed full, cramp, cramped, crawling, crescent, crisp, critical, croft, crowd, crowded, cryptic, cul-de-sac, culmination, curt, curtilage, cut, cut and thrust, dark, dead-end street, debar, decline, delicate, delimited field, demanding, dense, densely, dental, desinence, desistance, detailed, determine, devoted, dike, direct, dirt road, discontinuance, discontinuation, discontinue, discreet, disregard, dissimilated, dissociable, docked, dog, dorsal, draw near, draw nigh, drive, driveway, duel, dumb, dustproof, dusttight, eclipsed, economical of words, elliptic, embay, embosom, embrace, enclasp, enclave, enclose, enclosure, encompass, encounter, end, ending, enfold, enigmatic, envelop, environ, enwrap, epigrammatic, esoteric, establish, evasive, even, exact, exacting, exchange blows, exigent, express, expressway, exquisite, faithful, fall in with, familiar, fast, fast by, fasten, fastened, fence, feud, field, fight, fight a duel, fine, finical, finicking, finicky, finish, finish up, finishing, firm, firmly, fix, fixed, flat, fold, fold up, forthcoming, forty, freeway, front, full, full development, funnel, fussy, fusty, future, gain upon, gasproof, gastight, gathering, give and take, give satisfaction, glide, glossal, glottal, glued, gluey, gnomic, go around, go round, going to happen, grapple, grapple with, gravel road, ground, guarded, guttural, hand and glove, hand-in-hand, hard, hard by, hardfisted, heavily, heavy, hereabout, hereabouts, hermetic, hermetically sealed, hid, hidden, high, highroad, highway, highways and byways, homestretch, homologous, hot, humid, hush-hush, ignore, ill-ventilated, illiberal, immediate, imminent, impendent, impending, impenetrable, impermeable, in a cloud, in a fog, in danger imminent, in eclipse, in prospect, in purdah, in reserve, in spitting distance, in store, in the cards, in the neighborhood, in the offing, in the vicinity, in the wind, in the wings, in view, incapacious, incommodious, incommunicado, incompatible, indisposed to talk, inerrable, inerrant, infallible, inseparable, insociable, instant, intense, intent, intersect, interstate highway, intimate, intonated, invest, involve, isthmian, isthmic, jam, jam-packed, jammed, join, jostle, joust, just about, key, kill, kraal, labial, labiodental, labiovelar, laconic, lane, lap, lapse, last lap, last round, last stage, latch, latent, lateral, lax, light, lightproof, lighttight, like, limited, lingual, liquid, list, local road, lock, lock out, lock up, looming, lot, low, lowering, lurking, main drag, main road, make, make up, massive, mathematical, maturation, maturity, meager, mean, meet, menacing, meticulous, mews, micrometrically precise, microscopic, mid, mingy, minuscule, minute, miserly, mix it up, monophthongal, mopey, mopish, morose, motorway, much at one, much the same, muggy, mum, musty, mute, muted, mysterious, narrow, narrow the gap, nasal, nasalized, near, near at hand, near the mark, nearabout, nearabouts, nearby, nearing, nearish, nearly, nearly the same, nice, niggardly, nigh, nigh about, nighhand, nighish, nip, nongregarious, nonporous, not far, not far from, not quite, obfuscated, obscure, obscured, obstruct, obturate, occlude, occlusive, occult, oilproof, oiltight, on the horizon, only a step, open, oppressive, overhanging, overlook, oxytone, pack, packed, padlock, painstaking, palatal, palatalized, pale, paling, pally, palsy-walsy, parcel of land, park, parkway, parsimonious, particular, patch, pave, paved road, pen, penny-pinching, penurious, perfection, perorate, pharyngeal, pharyngealized, phonemic, phonetic, phonic, pike, pinch, pinchfisted, pinching, pinpoint, pitch, pitched, pithy, place, plank road, plat, plot, plot of ground, plumb, pointed, populous, posttonic, practically, precise, precisianistic, precisionistic, preparing, pretty near, primary highway, private, private road, privy, propinque, proximal, proximate, pruned, punctilious, punctual, quad, quadrangle, quarrel, quasi, quiet, rainproof, raintight, rassle, real estate, recondite, refined, relatable, religious, religiously exact, relinquishment, renunciation, reserved, resolve, restricted, reticent, retroflex, right-of-way, rigid, rigorous, ring road, riot, ripeness, road, roadbed, roadway, round, round about, rounded, rounding off, rounding out, route nationale, row, royal road, run a tilt, run together, same but different, save-all, scant, scanty, scientific, scientifically exact, scramble, scrap, scratch, scrupulous, scrutinizing, scuffle, seal, seal off, seal up, sealed, searching, secluded, secluse, secondary road, secret, secretive, section, secure, self-contained, self-sufficient, semivowel, sententious, sequestered, serried, set, settle, settle with, severe, shifty, short, short and sweet, shortened, shut, shut down, shut fast, shut off, shut out, shut the door, shut tight, shut up, shut up shop, shutdown, side-by-side, sidle up to, sign, silent, similar, skirmish, slam, slender, smokeproof, smoketight, smothered, snap, snug, socially incompatible, soft, solid, solidly, sonant, spar, sparing of words, speechless, speedway, square, squeeze, squeeze shut, stale, state highway, staunch, step up, sticky, stifle, stifled, stifling, stingy, stop, stop up, stopped, stopping, stormproof, stormtight, straighten out, strait, strangle, strangulate, street, stressed, strict, strive, strong, struggle, stuck, stuffy, substantial, subtle, succinct, suffocate, suffocating, sullen, sultry, summary, superhighway, suppressed, surcease, surd, surround, suspend, swarming, switch off, syllabic, synopsized, taciturn, taped, taper, teeming, tense, terminate, termination, terminus, terrace, terse, that will be, theater, thereabout, thereabouts, thick, thick as thieves, thick-growing, thickly, thickset, thorough, thoroughfare, threatening, throaty, through street, thrust and parry, thruway, tight, tight-fisted, tight-lipped, tightfisted, tilt, tiny, to come, to the point, toft, toll road, tonal, tongue-tied, tonic, top secret, topping off, tourney, township road, tract, truncated, turn off, turnpike, tussle, twangy, ulterior, unaccented, unbreatheable, unclubbable, uncommunicative, uncompanionable, uncongenial, under an eclipse, under cover, under house arrest, under security, under wraps, underground, undeviating, undisclosable, undisclosed, undivulgable, undivulged, unerring, unfriendly, ungenerous, ungenial, unite, unknown, unloquacious, unrevealable, unrevealed, unrounded, unsociable, unsocial, unspoken, unstressed, untalkative, untellable, untold, unutterable, unvented, unventilated, unwhisperable, upcoming, velar, vicinal, viscid, viscose, viscous, vocalic, vocoid, voiced, voiceless, vowel, vowellike, wage war, waiting, war, warm, water-repellant, waterproof, watertight, weak, wedged, well-nigh, wide, wind up, windless, windproof, windtight, windup, within call, within earshot, within hearing, within reach, word-bound, wordless, work out, wrap, wrapped in clouds, wrestle, wynd, yard, zip up, zipper
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